Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Sonora Behavioral Health Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Sonora Behavioral Health Hospital.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Signs & Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder

When an individual experiences a normal psychosocial change, but responds with marked distress, he or she may be suffering from adjustment disorder.

Understanding Adjustment Disorder

Learn More About Adjustment Disorder

Adjustment Disorder is a mental health condition consists of the manifestation of negative emotional or behavioral symptoms following a life-changing event or circumstance and the symptoms of adjustment disorder typically last up to 6 months following the initial stressor. This disorder can affect children and adults alike and can cause a number of impairments if left untreated.

Examples of events or circumstances that can bring about symptoms of adjustment disorder can include moving to a new place, switching schools, the birth of a new baby, loss of employment, or diagnosis of a medical condition. The maladaptive thoughts and behaviors that occur in response are largely due to the individual’s inability to adjust and cope effectively. What is important to know is that there are effective treatment options availablethat can assist people in alleviating these symptoms and ensure minimal ongoing distress despite changes that occur in their lives.


Statistics of Adjustment Disorder

Research has concluded that adjustment disorder equally impacts males and females. It has also been estimated that between 5% and 20% of people receiving treatment in an outpatient mental health setting meet criteria for adjustment disorder. Moreover, those who are in inpatient care receive a diagnosis for adjustment disorder around 50% of the time. Lastly, studies on the disorder have determined that children with adjustment disorder often act out when under distress, while adults generally experience more emotional instability.

Causes and Risks

Causes and Risk Factors of Adjustment Disorder

The specific causes of adjustment disorder can differ from person to person. Most mental health professionals agree that there are genetic, physical, and environmental factors that can help explain the origin of an individual’s disorder. Note the following explanations that are widely-accepted concepts among experts:

Genetic: Despite the fact that adjustment disorder is brought on by an outside stressor, an individual’s genetic makeup is believed to contribute to the development of adjustment disorder. Individuals with a family history of certain mental illnesses, such as anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disorder, have an increased risk of developing adjustment disorder following a major life change.

Physical: The brain chemistry in people with a family history of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders are known to process and handle stress differently due to changes in certain chemicals within the brain. These changes are known to influence how an individual handles stress and coping, which are two elements that are significantly impaired in those with adjustment disorder.    

Environmental: A chronically stressful environment can often trigger symptoms of adjustment disorder in a person. Furthermore, if there are frequent or extremely impactful life changes that occur, an individual is at an even greater risk of developing symptoms consistent with adjustment disorder.

Risk Factors:

  • Loss of employment
  • Suffering the loss of a loved one
  • Moving to a new place
  • Changing schools
  • Experiencing parental divorce
  • Recent adoption of a child
  • Recent diagnosis of a medical condition
  • Preexisting mental illness
  • Being a victim of assault / abuse / neglect
  • Lacking flexibility of emotions
  • Having poor social skills
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder

Depending on what triggered the onset of the disorder, the signs and symptoms of adjustment disorder can be vast. Additional factors like a person’s temperament and the amount of support around the person can affect the presentation of symptoms. Symptoms typically begin to occur within three months of the distressing event or circumstance and can include a combination of the following:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Jitteriness
  • Tearfulness
  • School refusal
  • Social isolation
  • Defiant behaviors
  • Violent behaviors
  • Vandalism
  • Engaging in risky behaviors
  • Substance use
  • Self-harm

Physical symptoms:

  • Disrupted sleep
  • Increased heart rate
  • Headaches
  • Stomachaches
  • Chest pains
  • Muscle tension

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Poor decision-making
  • Difficulty making plans
  • Memory impairment
  • Inability to concentrate

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Overwhelmed feelings
  • Depressed mood
  • Anxiousness
  • Constant worry
  • Feelings of desperation
  • Decreased pleasure in things once enjoyed
  • Feeling hostile
  • Increased separation anxiety
  • Hopelessness

Effects of Adjustment Disorder

Despite the fact that adjustment disorder’s symptoms can be short-term in nature, potentially lasting up to 6 months, there is a possibility that an individual with the condition will experience continuing effects even after the symptoms have subsided. Examples of these effects can include:

  • Poor performance at school or work
  • Isolation from family and friends
  • Family discord
  • Decrease in quality of interpersonal relationships
  • Unpredictable mood
  • Substance use
  • Development of another mental illness
  • Self-injury
  • Suicidal ideations
  • Suicide attempts
Co-Occurring Disorders

Adjustment Disorder & Co-Occurring Disorders

For many people, medical conditions and another mental illness or illnesses can occur alongside adjustment disorder. Listed are common mental health conditions that affect people with a diagnosis of adjustment disorder:

  • Learning disorders
  • Communication disorders
  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Conduct disorder
  • Eating disorders
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Specific phobias
  • Panic disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Depressive disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
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  • Beacon Health Options
  • Blue Cross Blue Shield
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  • Cigna
  • Humana
  • Medicare
  • Tricare
  • United Healthcare
  • and more...

Our family had such a wonderful experience at Sonora. I would recommend Sonora to anyone dealing with adjustment disorder!

– Olivia S.

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